Indigenous Education & ESE

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“Natural community provides one of the metaphors that must be reintroduced and revitalized in the context of modern education.  The understanding of natural community is a foundational aspect of the environmental education that must take place in the next century.  Human beings must come to terms with the fact that we are a part of the natural community.  It is through the educational process of ourselves and our children that we can internalize this basic understanding and reflect on the relationship we must establish with the natural world.  Indigenous people around the world have been able, through experience and their direct relationship with the natural world, to establish this much-needed understanding of natural process and relationship.  For them, this understanding was part of becoming complete within the context of traditional forms and systems of education.”

Cajete, G. (1994).  Look to the mountain: An ecology of Indigenous education, (p. 114). Skyland, NC: Kivaki Press.


Indigenous Knowledge

Assembly of First Nations – Environmental Stewardship 

Aboriginal Environmental Health 

Canada’s First Peoples 

Deepening Knowledge Project 

Four Directions Teachings 

Indigenous Environmental Network

First Nations Health Authority - Environmental Health

Native American Technology and Art 

Canadian Environmental Law Association - First Nations Governance and Environmental Issues 

First Nation Food, Nutrition, and Environment Study 

First Nations Communities in Ontario

The Inherent Right of Self-Governance: A Timeline  http://www.fngovernance.org/timeline/timelinewindow

Schilling, V. (2011). Environmentalists from our First Nations. (The First Nations Series for Young Readers.)  Toronto, ON: Second Story Press.

Cajete, G. (1994). Look to the Mountain:  An Ecology of Indigenous Education.  Colorado: Kivaki Press.

Indigenous Worldview

Haudenosaunee Confederacy 

Anishnaabeg Bimaadiziwin: An Ojibwe Peoples Resource  www.ojibweresources.weebly.com

Alaska Native Knowledge Network

Indigenous cultural teachings

The Virtual Museum of Metis History & Culture   

Metis Nation of Ontario 

Inuit culture

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatmai 

Assembly of First Nations – Honoring Earth 

Dragonfly Canada - Aboriginal Worldviews  http://dragonflycanada.ca/resources/aboriginal-worldviews/

National Aboriginal Health Organization - Resource Extraction and Aboriginal Communities in Northern Canada - Cultural Considerations  http://www.naho.ca/documents/naho/english/resourceExtraction/Cultural_EN.pdf

Bell, N., Wheatley, K., Johnson, B. (2010).  The Ways of Knowing Guide.  Toronto: Toronto Zoo. http://www.torontozoo.com/pdfs/tic/Stewardship_Guide.pdf


Indigenous Pedagogies

Ontario Ministry of Education.  (2009). Aboriginal Perspectives: A Guide to the Teacher’sToolkit 

Aikenhead, C. L. & Michell, H. (2010). Bridging Cultures:  Scientific and Indigenous Ways of Knowing Nature.   Toronto:  Pearson.

Beckford, C. L. & Nahdee, R. (2011).  Teaching for Ecological Sustainability: Incorporating Indigenous Philosophies and Practices.  What works?  Research into Practice: Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat. http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/WW_Teaching_Ecological.pdf

Danyluk, P., & Sheppard, G. (2015). Preparing Bachelor of Education Candidates to Teach in Ontario’s Northern, Remote, First Nations, Métis and Inuit Communities. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. http://www.heqco.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/FNMI%20ENG.pdf

Kulnieks, A., Longboat, D.R., Young, K. (Eds.) (2013). Contemporary Studies in Environmental and Indigenous Pedagogies:  A Curricula of Stories and Place.  Netherlands: Sense Publishers.

McGregor, H. (2012).  Decolonizing Pedagogies Teacher Reference Booklet. http://blogs.ubc.ca/edst591/files/2012/03/Decolonizing_Pedagogies_Booklet.pdf

Toulouse, P. (2016).  What Matters in Indigenous Education: Implementing a Vision Committed to Holism, Diversity and Engagement.  Toronto: People For Education http://peopleforeducation.ca/measuring-what-matters/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/P4E-MWM-What-Matters-in-Indigenous-Education.pdf

Toulouse, P. (2008).  Integrating Aboriginal Teachings and Values into the Classroom.  What Works? Research Into Practice: The Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat. http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/Toulouse.pdf


Indigenous Ed Videos

8th Fire Maps 

Water: The Sacred Relationship 

Environmental Sustainability: What we can learn from Aboriginal culture.

I’m not the Indian you had in mind 

Indigenous Teaching for a Sustainable Future  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=89fsH20Bh44

Justice for Aboriginal People – It’s Time https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5DrXZUIinU

Canadian Aboriginal History  - Sharing Circle Did You Know?  
Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8QmxU6IZHw
Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gVCSIHq6cc#t=390.257776

Stereotypes about Indigenous Peoples with Wab Kinew https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lIGo8ltW9Ho&noredirect=1

Global Oneness Project - The Land Owns Us  https://www.globalonenessproject.org/library/films/land-owns-us

The Oral Tradition of Storytelling 

Through These Eyes  

And This is my Garden

Government of Canada Information

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency - Aboriginal Consultation in Federal Environment Assessment  http://www.ceaa.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=ED06FC83-1

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency - Considering Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge in Environmental Assessments  – Interim Principles  https://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=4A795E76-1

Indigenous & Northern Affairs Canada - Environment and Natural Resources  https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100034243/1100100034247

Indigenous & Northern Affairs Canada - Sustainable Development  https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100034658/1100100034662

Manitoba Education and Training - Aboriginal Perspectives of Sustainable Development  www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/frame_found_sr2/tns/tn-41.pdf

Royal Canadian Mounted Police.  Native Spirituality Guide.


Keepers of the Earth Series

Caduto, M. J. and Bruchac, J. (1988).  Keepers of the Earth: Native American Stories and Environmental Activities for Children.  Fulcrum, Inc.: Golden, Colorado. 

Caduto, M. J. and Bruchac, J. (1990).  Keepers of Life: Discovering Plants Through Native American Stories and Earth Activities for Children. Fulcrum, Inc.: Golden, Colorado. 

Caduto, M. J. and Bruchac, J. (2013).  Keepers of the Animals: Native American Stories and Wildlife Activities for Children. Fulcrum, Inc.: Golden, Colorado. 

Caduto, M. J. and Bruchac, J. (1997).  Keepers of the Night: Native American Stories and Nocturnal Activities for Children. Fulcrum, Inc.: Golden, Colorado. 

Caduto, M. J. and Bruchac, J. (1996). Native American Gardening: Stories, Projects, and Recipes for Families. Fulcrum, Inc.: Golden, Colorado.